Overview of Pudong New Area

09.23.2019

Geographic Location
 
The Pudong New Area rests on the east bank of the Huangpu River. It has a total area of 1,210 square kilometers, and a resident population of 5.47 million.
 
Economic Growth
 
Pudong is an important powerhouse for Shanghai
 
Pudong’s population and land area account for one-fifth of Shanghai
 
Economic output accounts for one-third
 
Total import and export value in foreign trade accounts for two-thirds
 
Paid-in foreign direct investment accounts for one-third
 
Industrial output accounts for one- third
 
Major Progress in China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone (SHFTZ)
 
Investment management innovation has attracted many projects.
 
In 2015, 18,000 companies set up in the SHFTZ, an annual increase of 20 percent compared with the same period in 2014.
 
There are 2,039 foreign-invested projects, representing a paid-in foreign investment of $4.59 billion and accounting for over 80 percent of the total foreign investments in Pudong. Investments from Hong Kong increased by 294.9 percent, and investments from the UK, Cayman Islands, South Korea, Samoa and Italy also grew by more than 200 percent.
 
With the establishment and rapid development of the SHFTZ, Pudong has produced a larger share of Shanghai's new foreign-invested projects, and contractual and paid-in foreign investment between 2013 and 2015.
 
Foreign investment branches out into new areas.
 
By the end of 2015, nearly 1,200 new projects settled in SHFTZ. National pioneering projects, such as Jiang Tai Reinsurance Brokers Limited and the Anchor Center for R&D and Certification, were launched in the zone.
 
A boom of outbound investment
 
In 2015, SHFTZ attracted 636 outbound investment projects, which had a combined Chinese investment of $22.9 billion, 5.5 times as large as that of 2014, accounting for 7% of China's outbound investments.
 
Trade facilitation has benefited a large number of companies.
 
The SHFTZ issued nearly 100 facilitation measures, including the fast customs clearance of sea-borne cargo if samples are delivered by air and inspected by customs in advance. All qualified logistics companies inside the bonded zone can store their goods in the same warehouse.
 
Financial opening-up combined with expanded functions.
 
Free trade accounts have been able to be used for overseas financing and foreign exchange services since 2015. At the end of 2015, a total of 44,000 free trade accounts were registered with an accumulated receipt and payments of more than 2 trillion yuan ($297.07 million), of which more than 1 trillion yuan were used in the settlements of cross-border trade.
 
Thanks to financial reforms in the SHFTZ, the transaction volume of Shanghai's financial markets reached 1,463 trillion yuan in 2015, which was 3.5 times higher than in 2010. The added value of the financial sector grew by 22.9 percent in a year, contributing to 16 percent of Shanghai's and 26 percent of Pudong's GDP.
 
Foreign Investment
 
Foreign investments in use account for 30 percent of that in Shanghai. In 2015, the Pudong New Area had 3,722 newly-added foreign investment projects, with a year-on-year increase of 70.3 percent, and used $44.1 billion contractual foreign capital and $6.46 billion paid-in capital, accounting for around 75 percent of Pudong and 35 percent of Shanghai.
 
Source countries/regions of investment are numerous: By the end of 2015, 145 countries and regions have invested in 27,517 projects in Pudong with contractual foreign capital of $136.4 billion and paid-in capital of $64.11 billion.
 
Regional headquarters of multinationals
 
More than 300 Fortune 500 companies have set up operation in the Pudong New Area.
 
By the end of 2015, 246 regional headquarters, including 106 Asia-pacific multinational headquarters, were set up in Pudong, accounting for 46 percent in Shanghai.       
 
Registered capital of multinational headquarters reached $ 13.1 billion, with annual revenues reaching 296.3 billion yuan and annual tax contributions reaching 24 billion yuan.
 
Domestic Investment
 
Investments in Pudong from domestic companies account for half of Shanghai. By the end of 2015, a total of 145,608 domestic projects in Pudong received 2.14 trillion yuan in investments, which account for 49.5 percent of that in Shanghai.
 
The top five sources of domestic investments in Pudong were from Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Beijing, Shandong and Anhui provinces. 
 
The Pudong New Area is home to 350 headquarters of giant domestic enterprises, including central, State-owned and private enterprises. From 2011 to 2015, Pudong approved 60 headquarters and regional headquarters of domestic companies, whose combined registered capital amounted to 78.8 billion yuan, total assets reached nearly 604 billion yuan and tax revenue reached 12.5 billion yuan.