Geographic Location and Natural Condition

Geographic Location and Natu
ral Condition
Geographic Location and Natural Condition
Land Area

Land Area

(Note: The Merging of Nanhui District into Pudong New Area was announced in May 2009.)

The city covered an area of only 636 square kilometers in 1949. By the year 1958, after Shanghai took over 10 counties from Jiangsu Province, namely Jiading, Baoshan, Shanghai, Songjiang, Jinshan, Chuansha, Nanhui, Fengxian, Qingpu and Chongming, the area under the city’s jurisdiction expanded to 5,910 square kilometers, nearly 10 times the figure in 1949. The city had a total area of 6,340.5 square kilometers at the end of 2008, 0.06% of China’s total territory. Shanghai extends about 120 kilometers from
north to south and about 100 kilometers from east to west. The city has three islands -- Chongming, Changxing and Hengsha -- under its jurisdiction and Chongming Island is the third largest island in China, covering an area of 1,041.21 square kilometers.