The nation's first mandatory liver-transplant registry system was established
in Shanghai at the weekend.
China is also gearing up to allow residents
to declare on their drivers' licenses that they will be an organ donor.
Under the registry system, all 80 domestic hospitals carrying out liver
transplants must record every transplant on the centralized
Hospitals which fail to register with the new system can have the
authority to do organ transplants withdrawn, according to officials from the
Ministry of Health.
Experts said this registry system could ensure a
life-long follow-up for every liver recipient, their situation after surgery,
medication monitoring and after-effects.
"Information from this system
gives us scientific evidence to gear up for international exchanges and
stimulates the healthy development of liver transplants in China which currently
face ethical obstacles, a lack of technology criteria on transplant surgery,
legislation and organ shortages," said Huang Jiefu, vice minister of health.
"The registry system can effectively enhance survival rate and the
quality of life of liver recipients, as doctors can intervene and change
previous treatment plans for any patients by being aware of their condition,"
the vice minister said.
In addition, the ministry is teaming up with
sevenfacilities, including China Red Cross, to work out an organ-donation policy
within five years that will allow Chinese people to declare they will become an
organ donor while applying for a driving license.
"There are some 100,000
people killed in traffic accidents in the nation every year," the vice minister
said. "Organs donated by those deceased can save a lot of people who are
suffering from organ failure."
He said the policy would include a
compensation system for the donor's family and all the procedures would be
carried out under the supervision of the government.
There are between a
million and 1.5 million people who need organ transplantsin the nation, which
onlymanages about 10,000 transplant operations every year due to a shortage of
organs, government officials said.