Geographic Location and Natural Condition
Water Resources

Dotted with many rivers and lakes, Shanghai is known for its rich water resources, with the water area totaling 697 square kilometers and accounting for 11% of the city’s total territory. Most of the rivers, including the Suzhou Creek, Chuanyang River and Dianpu River, are tributaries of the Huangpu River. Originating from the Taihu Lake, the 113-kilometer-long Huangpu River winds through the downtown area of the city. The river is about 300 to 770 meters wide with an average width standing at 360 meters. The ice-free Huangpu River is the main waterway in the Shanghai area. The Shanghai section of the Suzhou Creek runs 54 kilometers, with an average width of 45 meters. The city’s largest lake, Dianshan Lake, covers 62 square kilometers.