What are the fundamental rights of the citizens of the People’s Republic of China?
(11.14.2007)

In the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China the fundamental rights of the citizens of the People’s Republic of China are:

(1) all citizens of the People's Republic of China are equal before the law;

(2) political rights and freedom, including the right to vote and stand for election and, freedom of speech of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration;

(3) freedom of religious belief;

(4) rights of personal freedom and personal dignity, including: freedom of the individual is inviolable, personal dignity is inviolable, residences are inviolable and the freedom and privacy of correspondence are protected by law;

(5) rights of supervision, including the right to criticize, make suggestions, and/or make complaints or charges against, or exposures of, any government body or functionary of the People’s Republic of China, and obtain compensation in accordance with the law;

(6) social economic rights, including the right to work, the right to rest as a working person, the right of livelihood of retired citizens ensured by the State and society, and the right to material assistance from the State and society when citizens are aged, ill or disabled;

(7) social cultural rights and freedom, including the right to receive education, and the freedom to engage in scientific research, literary and artistic creation and other cultural pursuits;

(8) rights to protect women, including women enjoying equal rights with men in all spheres of life, such as political, economic, cultural, social and family life;

(9) marriage, where the family, mother and child are protected by the State; and

(10) the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals residing abroad, the family members of Chinese nationals residing abroad, and returned Overseas Chinese, are protected by the State.