What are the provisions in the Constitutional Law of the People’s Republic of China for citizens of the People’s Republic of China exercising their freedoms and rights?
(11.14.2007)

According to the Constitutional Law of the People’s Republic of China, "citizens of the People's Republic of China, in exercising their freedoms and rights, may not infringe upon the interests of the State, of society or of the collective, or upon the lawful freedoms and rights of other citizens."

In the People’s Republic of China, the interests of the State, of society or of the collective are, fundamentally, consistent with and also include the interests of individuals. Numerous interests of individuals are pooled to become the interests of the State, of society or of the collective. Consequently, to safeguard or damage the interests of the State, of society or of the collective is, correspondingly, to safeguard or damage the interests of individuals. Although the interests of individuals regarding the interests of the State, of society or of the collective are advocated as a whole, discrepancies may exist in part or from the aspect of non-fundamental interests. As citizens may have their personal special interests for certain reasons, and based upon the differences from the aspect of the citizens’personal way of thinking, ethics, and cultural essence, there may occur conflicts of interest when citizens improperly exercise their freedoms and rights. In order to prevent such conflict of interest, any and all citizens shall restrain their own freedoms and interests within the domain that the law allows. Finally, all citizens of the People’s Republic of China are equal, and their freedoms and rights are peer to peer. Only mutual protection can assure the mutual realization of rights.