What is birth defects intervention?

     

     Birth defects refer to abnormality in structure and function of a fetus before birth, some of which occur during birth and some occur gradually after birth owing to genetic or environmental reasons or both factors.

     

      The World Health Organization issued a strategy of three-level birth defects intervention. First level intervention refers to a pre-pregnancy comprehensive intervention including health education, selecting the best child-bearing age, consulting over genetic factors, pre-pregnancy health care, proper nutrition, avoiding exposure to poisonous substances, radioactive rays and infection, caution on medicine, quitting smoke and alcohol, etc. The second level intervention refers to early discovery and early intervention through pre-pregnancy test and diagnosis over fatal congenital birth defects. The third level then refers to early discovery, early diagnosis and early treatment over new born birth defects to prevent from or reduce the possibility of causing handicapped and improve children patients’ life quality. Population and family planning sections usually undertake the first level intervention to enhance population quality from the every beginning.