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Education in Shanghai

     

    International Exchange
     
    Strengthening educational exchange and cooperation
     
    Shanghai’s foreign affairs department and her foreign sister cities have served as a bridge for the city to develop international exchange and cooperation in education. Each year some 600 to 700 people from more than 30 countries visit the Shanghai Education Commission, including foreign ministers of education. To date, the commission has signed exchange program agreements and letters of intent with 20 countries, 22 sister cities and 23 education boards or bureaus. These programs have been carried out in California of USA, Osaka and Nagasaki of Japan, Pusan of South Korea, Queensland of Australia, Hamburg of Germany, Rhone-Alpes of France, Quebec of Canada, Jalisco of Mexico, St Petersburg of Russia and Gdansk of Poland.
     
    International students
     
    Shanghai has carried out the Study-in-China Plan in line with the Ministry of Education’s strategy of “larger enrolment, better student mix, standardized management, and guaranteed quality.” It now offers Municipal Scholarships to outstanding foreign students and the student mix of local colleges has improved noticeably. By the end of 2010, Shanghai colleges and universities had enrolled 43,016 foreign students, a rise of 11.7 percent from 2009. Among them, 13,159 were degree students, an increase of 10.8 percent. The number of undergraduates, graduates and doctorial students was 9,616 (up 5%), 2,853 (up 32.5%) and 667 (up 22.2%) respectively. There were also 23 junior college students (up 15%). The top five countries of origin for international students are: South Korea (10,004), Japan (5,042), USA (4,565), France (2,451) and Thailand (1,511). Twelve local colleges and universities have more than 1,000 international students.
     
     
    Joint-venture schools
     
    Joint venture schools have become an integral part of China’s education system and are playing a key role in tapping excellent resources of foreign schools to improve the competitiveness of Chinese ones. Shanghai has made steady progress in developing joint venture schools and cooperative teaching programs. Such cooperation has gone from non-degree programs to degree programs, and more top-level foreign institutions are getting involved.
     
    In 2010, Shanghai completed a survey of joint venture schools and cooperative programs. It now has 37 joint venture schools and 181 cooperative programs. Among them, 141 were approved by the Ministry of Education in 2008 and 48 were re-evaluated and approved in 2010. So far, 189 of them have been certified by the ministry.
     
     
    International schools for expat children
     
    International schools are well developed in Shanghai after over a dozen years of steady growth. They offer curriculum education to foreign children, from pre-school kids to senior high school students. There are currently three types of international schools: 1) schools that use curriculum set by the International Baccalaureate Organization, such as Shanghai Community International School and Yew Chung International School. They teach in English and have no restriction on nationality; 2) schools that use the same curriculum as the students’ native country such as the French School of Shanghai, German School of Shanghai, Shanghai Japanese School and Shanghai Korean School. They teach in their students’ mother tongue; 3) the international divisions of local Chinese schools that are qualified to enroll expat children, such as Shanghai High School, Shanghai Jincai High School and Soong Ching Ling Kindergarten. Except the international divisions, the 150 Chinese kindergartens, primary and high schools all teach classes in Chinese.
     
    At present, Shanghai is home to 20 international schools of different types. Four are independent kindergartens; 13 are primary schools, junior high schools and high schools; two are schools that offer education from grade 1 up to grade 9 and grade 12 respectively; and seven education centers for expat students. In addition, more than 30,000 expat children from nearly 40 countries and regions are enrolled in the international divisions of five local schools and in the normal classes of 150 local Chinese schools each year.
     
    Exchange with Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan
     
    As Shanghai develops rapidly, more and more Chinese from Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and overseas have come for investment, career, study and settlement, and many brought their families here. Getting their children into a local school has become a necessity.
     
    According to the 2010 statistics, there were 1,760 Chinese students from Hong Kong (577), Macao (219), Taiwan (930) and overseas (34) enrolled in Shanghai universities. Meanwhile, 8,165 students from Hong Kong (1,565), Macao (171), Taiwan (5,438) and overseas Chinese (991) were studying in local primary and middle schools.